Introduction to Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean with a guitar-shaped northern part. Northern Cypriots speak Turkish Cypriot, one of the dialects of Istanbul Turkish; Of course, most people are fluent in English and will have no problem communicating with tourists. The capital of this country is Nicosia and it is located almost in the center of the island and it is also its largest city.

Map of Northern Cyprus

نقشه قبرس شمالی

Introduction to Northern Cyprus

Cyprus is world-renowned for its temperate climate, as well as its refreshing history and unique beaches, making it a popular tourist destination for relaxation, water sports and exploring the unknown; It is 320 days of sunny year and there are programs such as swimming, water sports, sunbathing, cycling, walking, etc .; The swimming season in this area is from late April to early November; July and August are the hottest months of the year in the region; Clear waters, pristine lands and calm beaches are the most important tourist areas in Northern Cyprus, located between the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa.

The island is also one of the most important tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea and attracts more than 2.4 million tourists annually. Famous cities in Northern Cyprus include Famagusta, Nicosia and Kyrenia, which attract many tourists every year. he does; In fact, Northern Cyprus is the northern part of the Guitar Shape, which is called the third largest island in the Mediterranean; 300 Also note that sunny days, clear blue waters, pristine lands, and calm beaches are the most important features of Northern Cyprus.

History of Northern Cyprus

This beautiful and impressive island is located at the crossroads of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa, with a rich history from ancient Greece. One of the many tribes of the West German Confederation, was the colony of Venice and the Ottoman Empire and the British Empire; Cyprus, as a British colony with two separate communities living on the island, entered the twentieth century, and in the first half of this century, the people and inhabitants of Cyprus began their efforts to separate and gain independence.

As a result of these efforts, Cyprus gained its independence as an independent state in 1959 and was governed by both groups of inhabitants; In 1960, Bishop Macarius III was elected President of Cyprus and Dr. Kuchak, a Turkish resident of the island, was elected Vice President, and Turkey, Greece and Britain pledged to guarantee the principle of independence and equal sovereignty for Turkish and Greek Cypriots. They also took 30 to 40 percent of the quota in the government, army and police forces for the Turkish Cypriots.

However, after gaining full independence, the idea of ​​Enosis (accession to Greece) became popular in Greek society and spread day by day, which on the other hand was strongly opposed by the Turkish Cypriots, and as a result of these clashes, many times right. The presidential veto as well as the principles of equal distribution of power were ignored; In 1974, thanks to the efforts of the Greek Nationalist guerrilla organization of the then President of Cyprus, Macarius III was replaced by one of the proponents of the Enosis idea, Nikos Sampson, and since the government was now in the hands of the nationalist Greeks, Found and posed serious dangers to the minority of the island’s Turks.

As one of the guarantors of an equal commitment to both societies, Turkey sent troops and troops to the island to intervene, stop the violence and ensure the security of the Turkish minority; As a result of these clashes, the Turkish Cypriots were forced to leave the occupied territories and invade the northern parts of the island; Similarly, the Greek Cypriots moved from the northern parts to the southern parts of the island and the island was divided into northern and southern parts. In 1983, after several but unsuccessful attempts to reunite the two parts, the government of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus It was formed in the same year.

Location and population of Northern Cyprus

The island of Cyprus is 9125 square kilometers and is located northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, 380 km north of Egypt, 105 km west of Syria and 75 km south of Turkey, 800 km from Greece; According to the last census of 2011, the population of this country is 294,906 people.

Religion and language of the people of Northern Cyprus

The religion of the majority of the people of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is Islam (Sunni religion) and a small number of Orthodox Christians and Christians of the Maronite Church also live in Northern Cyprus. Cypriot Turkish is spoken in the Istanbul Turkish dialects.

Climate of Northern Cyprus

The climate of Northern Cyprus is very attractive to tourists, as it has a temperate and Mediterranean climate that can be a good place for tourists to spend their holidays in all seasons; Northern Cyprus has long, hot, dry summers that last from mid-May to mid-October (roughly from late May to late October).

Winter in Cyprus is also short, mild and sometimes rainy, lasting from December to February. The summer and winter seasons are separated by the short autumn and spring seasons, averaging the number of sunny days on this beautiful island. 330 days a year.